Cook and Banks: Charting the rumoured great Southern Land

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The Australian National Maritime Museum and Royal Botanical Gardens Sydney will offering a joint video conference for year 3 and 4 students History and Science.

Cook and Banks: Charting the rumoured great Southern Land is a free video conference which will outline Cook and Banks voyage on the HMB Endeavour. It will be presented by our curator Kieran Hosty and Mary Bell from Royal Botantical Gardens Sydney.

The video conference will investigate the story behind Cook and Banks’ voyage to the rumoured great Southern Land and include topics such as:

  • The reason behind the momentous voyage.
  • The voyage and conditions on board the HMB Endeavour.
  • Cook’s role as a cartographer and navigator.
  • Banks’ scientific contribution to the voyage and how his legacy began the Royal Botanic Gardens’ Herbarium collection.
  • Learn how scientists classify plants and try your hand at botanic illustration.
  • The enduring outcome of the voyage and how it changed Australian history.
  • What happened the HMB Endeavour?

We will be offering six sessions of the Cook and Banks virtual excursion. The sessions will be offered on DART connections 3rd and 4th May at 10.00am, 11.30am and 2.00pm

— Anne Doran, Education Officer. 

Find out more about our education programs on our website.

Keeping HMB Endeavour in ship shape

Endeavour at Sydney City Marine. Image: Jeremy Colville / ANMM.

HMB Endeavour at Sydney City Marine. Image: Jeremy Colville / ANMM.

For those who follow HMB Endeavour regularly, you’ll be aware she is great deal more than a static replica of Cook’s famous ship of science. Endeavour is a ‘Regulated Australian Vessel’ with a survey that allows her to operate at sea, anywhere worldwide. Supporting that survey is a regime of annual certifications and inspections and every second year, the ship is required to be lifted from the water.

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Misenum in miniature

Misenum in miniature. An up close look at the diorama created by Geoff Barnes and Roger Scott for <em>Escape from Pompeii</em>. Image: Andrew Frolows / ANMM.

Misenum in miniature. An up close look at the diorama created by Geoff Barnes and Roger Scott for Escape from Pompeii. Image: Andrew Frolows / ANMM.

In 79 AD Mount Vesuvius erupted, sealing nearby Pompeii and Herculaneum into time capsules that would not be reopened for many centuries, and which have been incredibly rich historical and romantic resources for today’s world.

The eruption was clearly visible from the Roman navy’s major port-city of Misenum, along the coast at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples. In response, the admiral of the fleet, Pliny the Elder, ordered his ships to go to the rescue. It is one of the first recorded attempted rescues of civilians by sea by a military force.

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Endeavour: Sailing and Sea Birds

Stephen Radley. Image: ANMM.

Stephen Radley. Image: ANMM.

A blog series from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Adelaide to Port Lincoln. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this.

Growing up in Portland the bay was a constant in Stephen Radley’s childhood – swimming in the summer, watching the ships unload their cargo, trawlers returning with their catch and people sailing their yachts. One memory that remains of those days is that of the cray boats returning with their catch, cooking the crays right there on the wharf and then selling them still steaming.

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Endeavour: From Land to Sea

Sam Wilson. Image: ANMM.

Sam Wilson. Image: ANMM.

A blog series from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Adelaide to Port Lincoln. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this.

Like his father, Donald, sailing did not play a large part in Sam Wilson’s childhood. However, unlike his father, the sea did play a major part in his childhood. Living in Bunbury a block away from the beach Sam spent a lot of time body boarding or just hanging at the beach with his mates. Watching vessels on the horizon and the yachts sailing up and down the coast became a fascination for him but joining them never entered his mind. It was during this time at the beach that he was unconsciously honing his ability to read the waves and the sea. An ability which would serve him later when the sailing bug took hold.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 13

The voyage crew. Image: ANMM.

The voyage crew. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this. 

Day 13, 6th April 2016: Darling Harbour.

Early morning call this morning as we had to weigh anchor early to be at Darling Harbour at 1000. Weighing anchor a complex operation, particularly as the Bower anchor weighed 2.5 tons. Using a Fish davit, cathead and various tackles, the anchor was secured outboard as we motored past Georges Heights. Two and a half months of voyaging came to an end as we passed the first lines ashore on time.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 12

Voyage crew heading to the Quarantine station. Image: ANMM.

Voyage crew heading to the Quarantine station. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this. 

Day 12, 5th April 2016: Quarantine Bay

The predicted thunder storms and squalls of 45 knots that were to come in from the NE last night failed to eventuate – the wind was very light and the thunder storms faded well before they hit the coast. Anchored in Quarantine Bay, Endeavour therefore swung with the tide and the each of the watches throughout the night only required one crew member. Morning greeted the ship with the sound of commuter ferries coming and going to Manly.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 11

Sydney through the heads. Image: ANMM.

Sydney through the heads. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this. 

Day 11, 4th April 2016: At sea.

We were off Jervis Bay at 2100 last night when the rains came and the wind went further into the nor’east. Reluctantly, we brought the square sails in and motored on. Morning dawned, more rain, and squalls of around 25 knots, a low swell, and the EA Current still pushing us south at 3 knots.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 10

Bosun. Image: ANMM.

Bosun. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this. 

Day 10, 3rd April 2016: At sea.

As the day dawned we were 35 miles off Batemans Bay and certainly not as far up the coast as we had hoped. After 6-7 hours of making good a consistent 9 knots, the wind dropped and our speed came back to 6 knots. Owing to our being in the East Australian Current, which flows south at 4 knots, our speed over-ground came back to 2 knots.

Since the current flows south and the wind was coming from the south, the seas overnight become short and steep and worked the helmsmen hard to maintain course.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 9

Trio of terns. Image: ANMM.

Trio of terns. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this

Day 9, 2nd April 2016: At sea

During night the wind played with us going from N – NW – W so we wore the ship to keep the wind on our beam. By morning we were off Eden and had made 14 miles from where we were yesterday. No change in the sails and the modest winds moved us up the coast slowly adding to the 705 miles that we have already covered under sail.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 8

Sunrise with a ship on the horizon. Image: ANMM.

Sunrise with a ship on the horizon. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this

Day 8, 01 April 2016: at sea.

Another sunny day, light winds coming in from the NW-N and a calm sea, no change in the sails and we found ourselves travelling east 30 miles north of Gabo Island and 20 miles east of Eden, and not a film star insight.

We wore the ship around 1100 and at 1300 we were back in sight of Mt Imlay after a brief encounter with a number of lobster pots, none of which we collected.

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Endeavour: A Garage Sale Changed His Life

Donald Wilson. Image: ANMM.

Donald Wilson. Image: ANMM.

A blog series from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Adelaide to Port Lincoln. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this.

Born in Perth, Donald Wilson did not have a much involvement in maritime pursuits during his childhood. His interests were more of a land-based variety such as tree climbing, scrambling over rocks, ham radio and photography.

When he completed his schooling his interest in ham radios led him into Electronics at WAIT (West Australian Institute of Technology, now Curtin University). However, when he discovered that the course covered a bit more than his areas in interest he dropped out.

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Endeavour: Crossing a Bridge

Cordon Miller. Image: ANMM.

Cordon Miller. Image: ANMM.

A blog series from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Adelaide to Port Lincoln. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this.

Growing up in Colorado Cordon Miller did not have much of a chance for maritime pursuits, his domain was mountains, rivers and trees. It was not until he was at The Citadel, a Military College in Charleston, South Carolina, that his interest in sailing was sparked.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, day 7

Sunsrise. Image: ANMM.

Sunrise. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this.

Day 7, 31 March 2016: At sea.

The day started out sunny, medium swell and the wind from the SW putting us out of Bass Strait (40 miles from where we were 2 days ago). Starting our run up the coast around 1100 we sighted Point Hicks from 8 miles off.  Appearing out of the blue haze as it must have done when Lieutenant Hicks first spotted it on 19thApril 1770.

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Endeavour: Portland to Sydney, days 4-6

All calm on deck. Image: ANMM.

All calm on deck. Image: ANMM.

A blog series by Steward John Cowie from on board the Australian National Maritime Museum’s HMB Endeavour replica as it sails from Port Lincoln to Portland. See our Sail the Endeavour page to learn more about joining voyages like this.

Day 4, Monday 28 March 2016

The day dawned overcast, the sou’wester had dropped overnight and we were 3 miles off the SE corner of Deal Island and still travelling East. The plan was still to give us sea room to take advantage of possible wind changes.

By the forenoon watch the wind had become light and variable the captain ordered a course change, set the fore and main t’gallants, the sprit topsail, the mizzen topsail, the mizzen topmast staysail and the jib. With pretty much everything set, we ghosted along making the ground we needed. By evening we had covered over 350 miles, all under sail.

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